Diagnostic in sports – potential role of the diagnostic center in Montenegro?

It is virtually impossible for a country to be competitive in any sport discipline today without a diagnostics centre. A case of Australia is telling. The Government established the Australian Institute for Sport- AIS  after the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal where Austrial won no golden medals (one silver and four bronze medals). Some 25 years later, they won 25 medals. So what is the potential role of the diagnostic center in Montenegro?

Competitiveness of professional athletes

The Serbian Republic Institute for Sport  is a good regional example of an institution that provides medical insights necessary for sports development in the country. Along these lines, in Montenegro the center would focus on:

  • Medical specialists for sports development could support coaches in developing training plans for the athletes
  • Medical specialists would monitor the implementation of the plans and provide inputs for any adjustments in order to ensure well being of the athlete
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Sports in education (grassroots sports)

Importance of Pre-participation tests is vital in order to determine:

  • Possibility and level to participate in PE
  • Risks from participation in high-intensity or specific-demanding sports
  • Meet a legal SM requirements  to enable participation in local, national and international competitions
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DAS- leading regional academy for grassroots sports

Montenegro’s educational system includes sports development but there are a number of issues that range from professional development of teachers/trainers to equipment and curricula. The diagnostics center would provide an expert advice on design of the curricula, capacity building of the teachers and sport experts, research in sports and children development that could feed back into the program development.

New jobs in the times of crises

The establishment of the centre would create new jobs and connect various actors in the athletic ‘supply’ chain that at the moment remain separated.  These include opportunities for corrective gymnastics, sports counseling, anti-doping initiatives, continued learning and specialization in sports, and sport related fields.

 

 

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Upcoming event in Montenegro: ” Football Unites Workshop on Gender Equality and Intercultural Dialogue in the Balkans”

In 2010, my plan was to integrate sport, women and environment into integral project for NOC of Montenegro. Part of this project was to assess the current status of girls and women’s sport participation in Montenegro, at all institutional levels. The research identifies who plays sport in Montenegro, and the factors (family, education, economic, gender stereotypes, and so on) that contribute to, or that limit girls and women’s participation in sport.

The benefits of women’s participation for sport and society

In addition to benefits for women and girls themselves, women’s increased involvement can promote positive development in sport by providing alternative norms, values, attitudes, knowledge, capabilities and experiences. The contributions of women, particularly in leadership positions, can bring diversity and alternative approaches and expand the talent base in areas such as management, coaching and sport journalism. In particular, women in sport leadership can shape attitudes towards women’s capabilities as leaders and decision-makers, especially in traditional male domains. Women’s involvement in sport can make a significant contribution to public life and community development. Sport provides women and girls with an alternative avenue for participation in the social and cultural life of their communities and promotes enjoyment of freedom of expression, interpersonal networks, new opportunities and increased self-esteem. It also expands opportunities for education and for the development of a range of essential life skills, including communication, leadership, teamwork and negotiation. Inactive adults can rapidly improve their health and well-being by becoming moderately active on a regular basis.

Research in Montenegro (authors: Cheryl Cooky, Ph.D., Carole Oglesby, Ph.D., Don Sabo, Ph.D., and Marj Snyder, Ph.D., and Marko Begovic) showed that regarding sport professions women are underrepresented. Women hold only 8.8% of coaching positions, 12.3% of regional managerial positions, and 5.9% of national managerial positions. Only 25% of medical staff and 13.3% of national-level referees are women. Researchers identified the top sports in Montenegro (football, volleyball, basketball, water polo, handball, track and field, and judo). Focus groups were conducted with female athletes and female and male professionals in women’s sport. The greatest gender imbalance is in football and basketball, where approximately 13% of athletes and professionals in each sport are female. The greatest gender parity is in handball and volleyball, where the percentages of female athletes and professionals in each sport are approximately 45% and 51%, respectively. The highest percentages of female athletes are in the sports of handball (58.1%) and volleyball (64.9%).

The benefits for women and girls of physical activity and sport

Participation in sport and physical activity can prevent a myriad of no communicable diseases. For girls, it can have a positive impact on childhood health, as well as reduce the risk of chronic diseases in later life. For older women, it can contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, which account for one third of deaths among women around the world and half of all deaths among women over 50 in developing countries.Physical activity also helps to reduce the effects of osteoporosis, which women have a higher risk of developing than men. Participation in physical activity aids in the prevention and/or treatment of other chronic and degenerative diseases associated with aging, such as type-2 diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, osteoporosis and cardiovascular abnormalities. It also helps in the management of weight and contributes to the formation and maintenance of healthy bones, muscles and joints. Apart from enhancing health, wellness and quality of life, participation in physical activity and sport develops skills such as teamwork, goal-setting, the pursuit of excellence in performance and other achievement-oriented behaviors that women and girls with disabilities may not be exposed to in other contexts. Participation in sport and physical activity can also facilitate good mental health for women of all ages, including the management of mental disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. It can promote psychological well-being through building self-esteem, confidence and social integration, as well as help reduce stress, anxiety, loneliness and depression. This is particularly important as rates of depression among women are almost double those of men in both developed and developing countries.  In addition to improvements in health, women and girls stand to gain specific social benefits from participation in sport and physical activity.

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Thanks to the Council of Europe (EPAS), BAAP, FARE and FSCG, next week we are going to have Football Unites Workshop on Gender Equality and Intercultural Dialogue in the Balkans. I am invited to present study results and to take part in the panel discussion during one day event. Never happened anything similar in Montenegro before, which raise an interesting question:

“Whether the time had come for Sports Movement in Montenegro and Balkan region to take gender equality more seriously when it comes to the strategic development of certain sports?”

Sportska rekreacija i turizam

Jedan od čestih razloga bavljenja uključivanja u sportsku rekreaciju, osim  navedenih u prethodnom tekstu, je i svakako promjena sredine. Osobe odlaze na mjesta poput: rekreativni centri, bazeni, parkovi, šume, igrališta, atletske staze; koja mogu biti dio teritorije u kojoj privređuju ili van te teritorije. Ova aktivnost putovanja sa motivom rekreacije uz obezbjeđivanje neophodnih uslova jeste Turizam. Turizam i sportska rekreacija se stoga ne mogu posmatrati odvojeno u savremenim uslovima života, ekonomskog statusa, političke stabilnosti i socijalne inkluzije. Uspostavljanje ovakvog sistema razvoja turističkih potencijala dovodi nas do povećanja životnog standarda, stvaranje novih radnih mjesta, povećanje svjesnosti okruženja i šire o našim potencijalima, mogućnostima investiranja, podizanje svijesti cjelokupne sredine o važnosti učešća u cilju unapređivanja i razvoja sredine u kojoj privređuju.

Sistemskim pristupom razvoja sportske rekreacije i turizma podrazumijeva donošenje adekvatne strategije razvoja. Donešenje strategije je proces koji podrazumijeva nekoliko koraka. Prvi, ako ne i najznačajniji, je ispitivanje trenutnog stanja (gdje se mi nalazimo, tj. sa čime raspolažemo). Kada dobijemo podatke, o kadrovskim potencijalima i stepenu razvijenosti sredine (turistički i sportsko-rekreativni kapaciteti, infrastruktura) u kojoj privređujemo onda dobijene parametre upoređujemo sa nama sličnim sistemima, ali sistemima koji su se dokazali uspješnim.  To je destinacija (gdje hoćemo biti), vodeći računa o zaštiti posebnosti određenog prostora (kulturnog i istorijskog), zaštiti životne sredine i građenju imidža.

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Planiranjem se obezbjeđuje spektar funkcionalnosti određene sredine posebno za rekreativnim sportom napolju, tj. van zatvorenih hala. U planiranju moramo voditi računa demografiji određenog prostora i životnim navikama ljudi koji privređuju u toj sredini kao i geografskoj pristupačnosti. Planiranje na kraju znači shvatanju potreba sredine i potencijalnih turista i kreiranje uslova za obezbjeđivanje tih potreba. Efektivno planiranje prepoznaje važnost kulture određene sredine i sistema vlasti u njoj, kako bi plan bio u saglasnosti sa legislativom, što znači olakšanost u rješavanju planskih zadataka.

Strategija turizma i sportske rekreacije je proces koji se na organizovano efektivan način prilagođavaju određenoj sredini i posebno prirodi te sredine kroz fuziju planiranja i upravljanja životnom sredinom u jedan proces. Kao plod te fuzije nastaje Osnovni plan i operativni planovi koji olakšavaju sprovođenje strategije kroz samostalne (lokalne ili regionalne) jedinice. Ovakva podjela posla čini strategiju i proces dinamičnim kroz postavljanje primjerenih ciljeva, akcija, indikatora, kreiranje mreže podrške.

Ukrštanjem sportske rekreacije i turizma stvaramo nove veze između određenih sredina, regiona i smislu međunarodne razmjene, priliva investicija a samim tim i povećanjem radnih mjesta. Određena sportska aktivnost koja uključuje određeni broj ljudi i određeno mjesto jeste upravo turizam. Jedna od najčvršćih veza sportske rekreacije i turizma jeste da određena sprtska aktivnost zavisi od geografske lokacije. Ova zavisnot otvara mogućnost putovanja i traženja određenog prostora za upražnjavanjem sportske aktivnosti. Sportska rekreacija je u isto vrijeme i kulturna atrakcija koja reflektuje sredinu u kojoj se odvija pružajući autentičan doživljaj i iskustvo.

Globalizacija- kombinovanje potreba gledalaca i rekretivaca  stvara sve komforniji i sigurniji prostor za upražnjavanje određene sportske aktivnosti i odmora. Uključivanjem adekvatnog marketinga stvaramo lvezu određenog mjesta i određene sportske aktivnosti  (manifestacije, takmičenja, kampa) stvarajući brend a ciljna grupa su svakako turisti. Razvoj sportske rekreacije i turizma i njihove povezanosti ubrzava globalizaciju ali i baštini različitosti koje se manifestuju najčešće u sportskim nadmetanjima.

Ukrštanjem sportske rekreacije i turizma želi se postići uključenost svih bez obzira na platežnu moć, pol i pripadnost.

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